Web hosting has it’s own language full of acronyms, proprietary names, and technical terms. The following definitions are common expressions frequently referenced on this blog, in support chats, and around the web hosting industry.
Bandwidth: The amount of data that passes from the server your website is hosted on to people visiting your web site.
cPanel: Control panel that allows clients to manage their own hosting accounts. Trusted and used by Surpass.
CMS: Content Management System. A computer program that allows publishing and editing content and maintenance from a central interface.
CSS: Cascading Style Sheet is a style sheet language that describes the look and formatting of any kind of website, usually HTML written sites.
ccTLD: Country Code Top Level Domain name. Internet domain generally used or reserved for a country. Australia’s ccTLD would be .au
DDOS: Distributed Denial of Service. An attempted attack on a machine, network, or server rendering it unavailable to users.
Dedicated Hosting: Web hosting where the client leases an entire server that is not shared with anyone else.
DNS: Domain Name System. Naming system that translates domain names to numerical IP addresses for the purpose of locating computer devices worldwide.
FSCK: File System Check. A tool for checking the consistency of a file system in Linux or Mac operating systems.
FTP: File Transfer Protocol is a way of allowing remote users and web servers to exchange files.
HTML: Hyper Text Mark-up Language is the main language used to bring websites to life. Check out our HTML cheat sheet for quick reference.
ISP: Internet Service Provider is a company that offers internet access for users through DSL, cable, and telephone lines.
Joomla: A free and open source content management system used to build websites.
LAMP: Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP. These software programs are commonly used together to run an efficient website.
Managed Hosting: Web hosting done as a service by the hosting provider’s employees, rather than just the client.
NOC: Network Operations Center. A location where a group of technicians and computers monitor, analyze problems, and perform troubleshooting.
PPC: Pay Per Click is when advertisers pay when someone clicks on one of their ads from a website.
RAID: Redundant Array of Independent Disks (originally Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks). Storage that combines numerous disk drive components for increased performance and data redundancy.
RAM: Random-access memory. A form of computer data storage and the name of the new Daft Punk album.
Reseller Hosting: This form of web hosting allows the client to use the allotted hard drive space and bandwidth to host websites on behalf of third parties, whom resellers usually sell to. Surpass’ reseller accounts all come complete with their own private cPanel control panel.
SaaS: Software as a Service. When software is hosted centrally on the cloud.
SEO: Search Engine Optimization is affecting the visibility of a website in a search engine’s organic (unpaid) search results. The higher up the website is in the rankings, the more traffic received.
SERP: Search Engine Results Page shows the sponsored and organic results of a search term in a search engine like Google.
Server: Software and computer hardware that holds data. A web server is a server in a data center that contains web sites, which are sent to browsers upon request.
SQL: Structured Query Language. A programming language used to request information from databases. Servers that can handle SQL are called SQL servers.
SSH: Secure Shell. Safe access to a server via encryption performed by server administrators.
SSL Certificate: Secure Socket Layer. Encrypted protocols designed to provide secure communication online. Keep you and your clients sensitive information safe and buy an SSL Certificate.
Shared Hosting: This form of web hosting features many websites on one web server connected to the Internet. Each site is separate from other sites and receives its own place on the server.
SLA:: Service Level Agreement. A customer must agree to the terms of the contract, which defines the level of service being provided.
Softaculous: is a popular one-click-installer software featuring over 313 scripts for a web server.
TLD: Top Level Domain. In the domain name www.surpasshosting.com, the top-level domain is “com.” TLD should not to be confused with…
TLDR: Too Long Didn’t Read. While not strictly related to web hosting, TLDR quickly summarizes a long article. For example:
TLDR – This article is a directory of web hosting jargon.
VPN: Virtual Private Network. A secure and functioning private network sending and receiving data across a public network on the Internet.
VPS: Virtual Private Servers is a virtual machine sold by a hosting service. VPS runs its own copy of an operating system, giving customers complete access to install any software on their Linux or Windows OS.
WHIR: Web Hosting Industry Review. The world’s largest news organization dedicated to the web hosting, featuring daily news and expert analysis about the industry.
WHMCS: An all-in-one client management, billing, and support solution for online businesses, web hosts, and developers.
WHT: Web Hosting Talk. The largest web hosting discussion community offering reviews and advice on hosting related issues.
WYSIWYG: What You See Is What You Get. This software requires no coding skills, and allows you to build a website via pointing, clicking, dragging, and dropping.
WordPress: An uber-popular blogging application and publishing platform used by millions around the world.
XML: Extensible Markup Language. A language designed for web documents, allowing designers to create their own tags to enable interpretation of data between applications.
This jargon guide just scratches the surface of web hosting. In the comments below, add missing terms to the dictionary.
Jared Smith is Surpass’ Technology Writer.